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In many personal injury cases, liability may seem clear depending simply on how and where a person was injured, but it isn’t always a simple determination. There are many factors to consider in more complex cases if you want to pinpoint exactly who was responsible for an injury or wrongful death. Personal injury lawyers will be able to help you figure out who is liable in a personal injury case.

Inside or Outside of Employment?

In December 2009, a Marriott company party took place at a Marriott hotel in Del Mar, California. The hotel was careful about providing alcohol to guests, only giving each of them two drink tickets and serving only beer and wine. However, the bartender for the evening—who was also the general manager of the restaurant—brought an additional bottle of whiskey to the party. An employee, Michael Landri, quickly took advantage of the opportunity to drink more, and drank several shots of whiskey. At least once during the party, he also consumed a flask filled with whiskey.


Over the course of the party, Landri became so intoxicated that he could not recall driving home once sober. When he reached his home, he did
not continue to drink, but after 20 minutes he decided to drive another intoxicated co-worker home. While driving to pick the person up, he reached
speeds of over 100 miles per hour and eventually collided with another car. The other driver was killed instantly. It was later determined that Landri’s blood alcohol content was .16 at the time of the accident.

Figuring out who is liable in a case such as this may not simply result in one party being found responsible. In this case, both Landri and the Marriott hotel were found to be liable, with Landri pleading guilty to gross vehicular manslaughter while under the influence. As of 2010, Landri is serving a six-year prison sentence.

When Employers are Responsible

Under “respondeat superior,” employers could be held liable in part for dangerous acts committed by employees, provided the act falls within the scope of employment. Personal injury attorneys will help injury victims prove “respondeat superior” if an
employer is believed to be responsible for an employee’s behavior.

In this case, neither Landri’s intoxication nor the resulting car accident appear to fall within the scope of employment, considering he wasn’t at work when the accident occurred, the party’s attendance was voluntary, and he was at home following the party prior to the accident. After carefully reviewing the case, however, the appellate court determined that the accident
fell within the broad definition of “respondeat superior” because Landri became intoxicated at his work place during an event related to his employment.
According to the appellate court, Landri’s actions were foreseeable and Marriott should have prevented him from becoming intoxicated at the party.

If you believe an injury has occurred because of employee or employer negligence, discuss your case with a personal injury attorney who will help build your case and recover compensation from the ones who are responsible.

Firm Awards & Recognitions

Steven Malman was selected to the list. The list is issued by the American Institute of Legal Counsel. A description of the selection methodology can be found at

  • Steven Malman was selected to the list. The list is issued by the National Academy of Personal Injury Attorneys. A description of the selection methodology can be found at

  • Steven Malman was selected to the list for 2018-2019.

  • Only the top 100 trial lawyers from each state or highly-populated regions of certain states who are actively practicing in civil plaintiff and/or criminal defense law are eligible for invitation. Invitees must demonstrate superior qualifications, leadership skills, and trial results as a legal professional. The selection process for this elite honor is based on a multi-phase process based upon objective and uniformly applied criteria which includes peer nominations combined with third party research.

    Prospective members of The NTL are carefully screened prior to receiving an invitation for membership.

  • Top Attorneys Diamond Member

  • Top Attorneys of North America 2019-2020

  • The American Institute of Trial Lawyers is an invitation only professional organization composed of premier trial attorneys from each state. These attorneys exemplify the very best qualities and qualifications of an attorney. Each attorney must meet stringent qualifications as a civil or criminal trial attorney. These attorneys practice in a variety of fields to help and promote the ethical and elite practice of law. Selection is based on a thorough multi phase process which includes peer nominations and third party research. Each member must be in good standing with their local compliance organization. Membership is extended to only a select few in each state and/or region.

  • As the founder of Steven J. Malman and Associates, P.C., Attorney Steven Malman has 21 years of experience handling personal injury, nursing home, medical malpractice, premises liability, construction and workers’ compensation cases. Mr. Malman is one of Chicago’s leading authorities on personal injury law and has taken a special interest in defending the elderly from neglect and abuse. He has personally handled over 10,000 cases successfully, and collected hundreds of millions dollars for his clients.

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